Disarming your hearers

Although this article is about helping business speakers improve the effectiveness of their presentations, there’s much that’s helpful for preachers and Bible teachers too.

Nancy Duarte’s basic point is that a presentation’s purpose is to change people. However, as people are usually resistant to change you need to devise strategies to disarm their objections and overcome their obstacles to change. Anticipating such resistance will sharpen the presentation and improve its chances of accomplishing its goal. It also conveys to the audience that you’ve thought about them, not just yourself and your presentation, making them more open to your call to action.

She encourages presenters to think about three common types of resistance:

1. Logical resistance: As you plan your presentation, try to come up with arguments against your perspective. Familiarize yourself with alternate lines of reasoning by digging up articles, blog posts, and reports that challenge your stance.

2. Emotional resistance:
 Does your audience hold fast to a bias, dogma, or moral code — and do your ideas violate that in some way? Hitting raw nerves will set people off. So look at things from their perspective, and proceed carefully.

3. Practical resistance: Is it physically or geographically difficult for the audience to do what you’re asking? Acknowledge any sacrifices they’re making, and show that you’re shouldering some of the burden yourself.

Anticipating resistance forces you to really think about the people you’re presenting to, and that makes it easier to influence them. If you’ve made a sincere effort to look at the world through their eyes, it will show when you speak. You’ll feel more warmly toward them, so you’ll take on a conversational tone. You’ll sound — and be — authentic when you address their concerns. As a result, you’ll disarm them, and they’ll be more likely to accept your message.

You’d think Nancy was a homiletics teacher!

Disarm your audience when you present by Nancy Duarte.

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The last letter of a godly grandfather

A womb to tomb Gospel

Every age and stage of life has its own special trials and temptations. The young are called to flee youthful lusts. The middle-aged are warned about the choking cares of this life. And seniors have their own age-specific temptations.

In Psalm 71 we find an old man who is somewhat cast down by life’s events: increasing outward and inward troubles (v. 4, 10-11, 13) together with failing strength (v. 9).  And yet he turns again and again to God.

The spiritual dynamic is encapsulated in verse 20: “You have shown me great and sore troubles, but you shall quicken me again, and shall bring me up again from the depths of the earth.”

Let’s look at some of the great and sore troubles of old age, and how the Lord strengthens his elderly people.

Later years are often lonely years. Your parents have passed away. Many of your siblings have also exchanged time for eternity. Your own children have grown up and moved away. Friends don’t have enough strength to come and see you.

Long, quiet, and empty days, weeks, and months.

The Lord has shown you great and sore troubles.

How can he revive me again? How can he bring me out of the dark depths friendlessness and loneliness.

“I will never leave you, nor forsake you” (Heb. 13:5). “Though my father and mother forsake me, the Lord will take me up” (Ps. 27:10).

You may lose all your loved ones, all your friends, all your strength, beauty and usefulness. But you will never lose the love and interest of the Lord.

He comes to you via Bible reading, sermon-listening, worship services, prayer meetings, good books. He comes to you as you reach out via the phone to other needy souls (v. 14-18)

In the long, quiet hours of old age you will have many hours to think, to think back over your life. And a little word will begin to grow in power and frequency: “If…” “If only…If I had not…If had chosen this job…”

You will start to go over your life  – your work, your family, your service, your soul – and you will begin to feel the pain of remorse and even despair. “I only had one life, one marriage, one chance, one opportunity…and I blew it…If only…”

It’s natural to review our lives, and it’s normal to look back and wish some things had been different. The question is, “What do you do with your regret?”

Regret can go in two directions: it can lead to Judas’s suicidal remorse. Or it can lead to David’s humble repentance (2 Sam. 23:5) and the dying thief’s humble faith (Lk. 23:42).

When, upon review of your life, God begins to show you great and sore troubles, and you are beginning to plunge into the pit of despair, turn to the God who says, “I will remember your sins and iniquities no more.” Bring every wrong decision, and wrong turn to the Lord for His covering with the blood of Christ. Turn to God as your only hope (v. 5, 14).

Maybe you’ve been dealt a hard hand in life. You look around you and see that no one else has had it as hard as you. Maybe you’ve been the victim of another person’s evil. Maybe you’ve been abused and treated unjustly. Maybe you even secretly feel that God has been too hard upon you. His dealings have not been fair. “Why me?”

Bitterness towards God and others is simmering, and threatening to spew out in a torrent of anger and hatred. You spend hours seething about your Father, mother, brother, sister, neighbor, boss, business partner. You will never, ever forgive. God has shown you sore and hard trouble, and you will show them the same if you have the chance.

What can dissolve this hard and flinty heart? What can break this unforgiving spirit?

The righteousness of God (vv. 15, 16, 19, 24).

God gives us what we do not deserve – a perfect righteousness. He forgives our sins through Christ and gives us the righteousness of Christ. Who can receive such full and free forgiveness without longing to share it with others, and impart it to others.

Someone once wrote a book entitled “Pain my constant companion.” But it’s not merely a book for you, is it? It’s a constant reality (Ps. 90:10): arthritis, heart disease, cancer, etc. God has shown you great and sore troubles and your strength is failing. But God’s isn’t! And you will go on in His strength and show his strength (v. 16, 18). And eventually you have hope of a restoration of strength, indeed even a heightening of it such as you’ve never had before in the resurrection (v. 20).

Strengthen your spirit by looking back on your life and pondering how many painless days you’ve had (vv. 5, 6, 17). Consider how God has never dealt with you as you deserve. Meditate on the sufferings of Christ. But above all look ahead to the imminent deliverance. Hope…hope…hope…

The Devil can take advantage of your present weakness of body and mind. Here, the Devil seems to have stirred up enemies against the aged believer (v. 4, 10, 11, 13). He’s coming in for one final all-out attack. He never gives up. While there is breath, there’s hope, he says.

What if I deny the Lord? What if I lose my mind and start cursing and blaspheming (v. 1)? What if the last agonies of life are too great for me to bear. What if I end in darkness and despair. What about my family and friends. My church? My nation?

What great and sore troubles!

Nut what great and glorious consolation! God looked after me when I was unable to look after myself at the beginning of my life (vv. 5-6). And He will continue right to the end. From the womb to the tomb.

And as for my family and church and nation, though it look like lots of dry bones, God can also bring them up again from the depths of the earth (v. 20).

God will defeat all my enemies and even the one behind them all.

Old and Young

Older believer, you have unique trials and troubles in your life. But you have unique comfort and encouragement too. Bring all your loneliness, regret, bitterness, pain, and fear to the Lord. Bring your great and sore troubles to him. He will revive you again and bring you up from the depths of the earth (v. 20).

Older unbeliever, you have the same trials and troubles as the believer. But you have no comfort nor encouragement. You have no divine consolation. You have nothing with which to face life’s last trials nor your last enemy. It is not too late to seek him.

Young people, some of you will soon be old. Yes, that fresh, strong, vigorous body will soon begin to break down, weaken and disintegrate. That sharp mind will soon be confused and befuddled. You will be in great distress. Don’t wait until then to seek the Lord. Seek his companionship now, seek his forgiveness now, seek his love and righteousness now, seek his comfort  now, seek his peace now.

Young people, some of you will never be old. You will die in the prime of life. You will be summoned to eternity before you’ve had a chance to experience great and sore troubles on earth. But if you die without Christ you will face great and sore troubles for all eternity, with no hope of change.

Make this Psalm your own whatever age or stage of life you are at. It may be your twilight years, even although the sun has hardly risen upon you.

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Children’s Bible Reading Plan

This week’s morning and evening reading plan in Word and pdf.

This week’s single reading plan for morning or evening in Word and pdf.

If you want to start at the beginning, this is the first 12 months of the children’s Morning and Evening Bible reading plan in Word and pdf.

And here’s the first 12 months of the Morning or Evening Bible reading plan in Word and pdf.

And here’s an explanation of the plan.

Spiritual Report on Scotland

I was recently sent a number of questions by an American interested in ministering in Scotland. Not having the time to answer them myself, I asked a fellow Presbyterian to provide the answers. Bear in mind that his answers are especially focused on Presbyterian churches. The picture may be a bit brighter here and there for other churches. It’s a discouraging but, I’m afraid, realistic picture of where Scotland is spiritually and ecclesiastically. I fear that, barring a major revival, this is where the USA is heading as well. 

1. What perception does the average Scotsman have of Christianity? 
The average Scotsman does not have a positive perception of Christianity, but rather sees it as outdated or bigoted. Scotland is really post-Christian. And so, while there may be some lip service in places, perhaps under the guise of tolerance, really there is either apathy or hostility.

2. What are the most common objections/challenges raised against the gospel?
In truth, many people don’t raise objections, so long as it does not interfere with their own lives. And yet others will treat it with scorn as a thing of the past – that was for their grandparents’ generation, not our “enlightened” one. The sad thing now is that most people don’t know what the gospel is – darkness is over the land. “Religious assembles” in schools have become “assemblies” and often the so-called chaplains don’t know the first thing about true religion. In my experience I have noticed school children who don’t want to hear anything about God or religion, while others seem interested in finding out what it all means:  “Was Jesus a king or something like that,” one 15-year-old girl asked.

3. Is there an openness to discuss spiritual things?
Most people don’t want to talk about these things. Those who do want to talk, tend only to do so in order to put Christianity down as a thing of the past, or even as something pernicious. As in question 2, perhaps among some youth there is an opening. They don’t know enough about it to be angry at it – like their parents generation.

4. Are most people aware of the Christian heritage of Scotland? If so how do they view it?
Absolutely not! I would reckon that 99% + of children in the public school have never heard of Rutherford, Boston, McCheyne, Chalmers, even Knox. And if they hear of Knox or the Reformation, that would be viewed as intolerant bigotry. Sadly, even in a lot of the professing churches, these men and the heritage is not well known.

5. What are the greatest challenges to ministering in Scotland?
Apathy in the church is one of the biggest problems which is coupled with little or no desire (and/or ability) to evangelize. In some cases, this is due to erroneous thinking regarding the work of the Holy Spirit – some believe that unless the Spirit works they can’t do anything, therefore they need to wait for Him to work. Judgment begins at the house of God. There are many challenges engaging with the secular society, but you need to engage the brains / lives of complacent and indifferent Christians.

6. What are the greatest advantages/blessings?
There are still faithful godly pastors throughout the land, but their ranks are thin and thinning. There is a warmth and godly zeal that does remain with many good people. There are many of God’s dear people who love the Lord and serve Him with the talents they have. There is also a desire to maintain orthodoxy in some of the churches. With that you have a simplicity of worship that characterized the worship brought back at the Reformation. There is a thirst still for God’s Word among His people.

7. What is your greatest need as a church? How might the church in America best aid you?
The greatest need is for a mighty work of the Holy Spirit to give us preachers who preach the whole counsel of God. The problem, I believe, is in the pulpit – to a large extent. And yet, there have been some of the best and finest preachers who served faithfully for years and saw little fruit.  We need a Reformation. We need unity among the Reformed churches – there are often 5 congregations representing 5 different reformed denominations in one small village – all with the same confessional basis!

We have lost our youth. We have only a handful of Christian schools, and home-schooling is not popular and difficult for parents to do. Most Christians think the state school is fine. I believe we need to establish in our churches the Christian worldview.

When Iain Murray is asked the second question [How might the church in America best aid you?], he replies: “Send our men back!”  In honesty, I am not sure how that [American churches helping Scottish churches] could work.  The solid churches can hardly work together. And so, I am not sure how to answer this one.

8. What forms of outreach are generally most successful?
The best form is to establish relationships with friends and neighbors and then invite them to church.  This worked well in Glasgow.  The church had a “soup and sandwich” event on the Saturday and just got to know people.  From there, inviting them to church was easier.  The pastor of the church happened to be very gifted, which helped. Sadly, you hear the complaint from many that they don’t feel able to invite people to church because if they can’t understand their own pastor then what hope has the man in the street? Again, it’s the word preached that the Spirit especially uses in convincing and converting sinners. Some have tried things like knocking on doors, handing out tracts, street preaching, etc, with limited success.

9. Are there many churches who are in need of a minister?
Yes, probably 100s. But many of these places have less than 10-20 people, and I would reckon the vast majority are very elderly. I’m not sure that simply more ministers is the answer. We need a change of mindset, as well as new ministers.  But Scots are not quick to change.  And in truth, whatever reticence there would be if someone from within tried to change things, someone from outside would be viewed with more suspicion.

10. Are most people in your churches converts or were they raised in the church?
The majority are raised in the church, few have come in.  A lot more have left.

11. Do most of those who are raised in the church remain in the church?
No, in the last 10-15 years many (probably the majority) have left.  Churches are declining in number all over.

12. What would the perception be of an American ministering in Scotland both with the church and with the population?
With the church – It probably depends where you go. If you go to the more conservative churches, they would possibly be a little wary and would need to feel you out.  So, not impossible, but you would have to be very careful in your approach.  If you come in with great ideas for change, it won’t work.

13. What particular skills would you encourage a man to develop if he wants to minister in Scotland?
You would need a lot of patience, tenacity, a thick skin and wisdom.  It would be good to learn the history of the church you would hope to serve in.

14. Are there particular books/resources that would be helpful to study to better understand Scotland and the realities of ministry in Scotland today?
Iain Murray’s book “A Scottish Heritage” gives a good overview of the past up to the present.  I can’t think of too much else in more recent times.

15. What are your general thoughts about where the church in Scotland is (not the CoS)?
The majority of the professing church has lost its moorings.  A lot of those who have maintained the Reformed worship and doctrine need revival from within.

16. Where do you think it is headed?
Well, humanly speaking it is going down and in many cases the candlestick is being removed.  That sounds pessimistic but it is more the reality.  I think that unless the better churches can work together then we have a big problem.  There are some pockets of good news here and there, but the general picture is bleak.

I’d be glad to hear of brighter spots but please pray for this needy land.